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Project background

Vietnam is one of the first to ratify CEDAW and take Countries in the region lead the gender gap narrowing print. Women and men fairly equal terms cũng print of employment Opportunities. Tuy nhiên, women are Especially Vulnerable to Poverty and economic shocks concentrated in the informal sectors with unskilled jobs added for Generally low wages and [2] .

The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) is the Government agency, Performing the function of state management in the field of human resource development, decent work, Labor (employment, vocational training, salaries, wages, social insurance and occupational safety ), social welfare (for People with special contribution to the country, social assistance, and protection and care of children and and, gender Equality, prevention and combat social inequalities throughout the country with. 

This is the third phase of a long-term project-Spanish association and the Government through the Spanish Agency for International Development MOLISA giữa Cooperation (AECID). The first phase of the project in 2006 and this third print print print boot phase was printed Launched December 2012.

The project was in the context mà Vietnam is its Implementing Priorities and Objectives Developed in the area of Labour, invalids and social affairs in the Socio-Economic Development of Vietnam 2010-2015 national plan and other programs / strategies related to the national strategy on gender Equality [3] , social protection, employment, human resource development, the national program on occupational safety and health [4] , an action plan to Respond to Climate Change in the fields of Labor and social affairs [5] .

In this context, the project on integration of gender Equality and decent work in legislation and policies to mainstream gender and decent work in the development Equality Has Developed and safety laws and Regulations on Implementation of Labour and social welfare, making a contribution to the Implementation of the Socio-Economic Development plan and strategy up to the year 2020 and the realization of related international Commitments.

Take a look at the facts first:

According to estimations, employment in the informal sector and its share in the total employment will rise in the next few years (even without the economic downturn) from 23.5% in 2007 to 26% in 2010 and 27.5% in 2015 (Cling et al. 2010a)

The ASEAN Economic Community integration envisions a net increase of 10.5 per cent of employment. However, around two-thirds of these gains would be vulnerable jobs (ADB-ILO 2014 Viet Nam Country Brief: Driving competitiveness and prosperity in Viet Nam through better jobs and deeper AEAN integration)

69 per cent of employed women are in vulnerable forms of employment compared to 54 per cent of men (data 2009, ILO-Vietnam Decent Work Country Program)

Social insurance coverage is low and particularly for women. In Vietnam only around 10,5 million workers are covered by the social insurance scheme (mandatory and voluntary social insurance (cp. VASS 2012)

After four years of implementation, the voluntary social insurance covers more than 104.500 people in 2011, a share of 0.2% of labour force, or 0.3% of workers in the informal sector (ILSSA, Hanoi 2012)

In order to fill the rapid growth under the AEC in medium-skill employment, efforts to improve the quality and relevance of upper secondary education and technical and vocational education and training (TVET) are critical (ADB-ILO 2014 Viet Nam Country Brief: Driving competitiveness and prosperity in Viet Nam through better jobs and deeper AEAN integration)

Why Decent Work?

In recent years, Vietnam has many achievements Gained print Economic Growth. The renovation programs have the Impacts on all the sectors of the society the significant. Theo reports of the Government, from 58.1% to 14.5% Poverty rate in 1993 print print print Fell in 2008 [6] . Tuy nhiên, the Economic Growth is not powerful enough to make a breakthrough progress Ensure Sustainable Growth Itself print and social aspect.

To Ensure Growth and Sustainable development, the Strategic Objectives of the Labor and Social Affairs to continue to make rapid aim and Sustainable development and social sector fields print Labor, international integration step by step; Improve the quality and effective use of human resources for industrialization and Modernization of the country, create decent work and gender Promote Equality.

The Decent Work Agenda was INITIATED by the International Labor Organization (ILO) in October 2000 as a way of highlighting the role mà good working conditionsEND_SPAN play in development promotion and Poverty reduction. Theo ILO: "Decent work ... work involves lying Opportunities for productive and Delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for People to Express Their Concerns, Organize and participate in the Decisions-making can have affects lives and Equality of Opportunity and treatment for all women and men. Decent Work to Reduce Poverty is central to efforts into Into Into, and a means again again again for Achieving Equitable, inclusive and Sustainable development. "


Take a look at the facts first:

According to ILSSA, the ration of female-to-male monthly pay was 0.83 in 2012 (ILSSA, calculated from GSO Household living standards). According to ILO Global Wage Report 2012/13, women in Vietnam were paid an overall average of 0.75% of men´s wage.

The number of legal normative documents that are gender mainstreamed are still very modest as compared with the total number of issued documents (Project of Action on Gender Equality on the Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Sector)

Women are more likely to work in occupations requiring lower skills or lower technical qualification. From this follows a need for specified training of women in the informal sector (ILSSA and Hans Siedel Foundation, 2012)

In 2012, number of female trainers in Vocational Training institutions (VTI) is only 7.252, occupying 28.8% of total trainers. There are 2.253 female trainers in vocational training centers, occupying 16% of total number. Like this, the rate in recent years seizes only 24.2% of total number of vocational trainers in VTIs (Vocational Training Law assessment)

In both urban and rural areas , the percentage of unemployed women is higher than men (Handbook on Gender in Labour and Employment, GED 2014)

Why Gender Equality?

To date, Vietnam has reached outstanding achievements Equality and women empowerment are reinforced by gender but the strong legal framework print and policies on gender Equality and empowerment of women. The Law on Gender Equality (2006) provides for the promotion of gender Equality in the field of Labour and Education, Including the Equality in social insurance and Capacity Building Opportunities (art. 13 and 14). Besides, the National Strategy on Gender Equality the (NSGE) period 2011-2020 and the National Programme on Gender Equality (NPGE) period 2011-2015 support the exercise of gender and Equality in the Labor and social domains.

Vietnam is one of the first to ratify international conventions to protect Countries am am am also the women mà such 'rights'' Us for the Elimination of the Discrimination Convention Against Women of all types (CEDAW) and take the lead in narrowing the gender gap print region . Women and men fairly equal terms cũng print of employment Opportunities.

Tuy nhiên, women are Especially Vulnerable to Poverty and economic shocks concentrated in the informal sectors with unskilled jobs added for Generally low and wages [7] . Besides, WE STILL talking about Social Protection khi print disadvantage with lower rates of Participation in the Social Insurance Schemes, Lower inclusion in the job-training Vocational Training Opportunities like access to credit and loans and hard.

There are important, improvement of women's ,, for Economic and Political Challenges in the future status of gender bias and a number discriminatory cultural norms and traditions vì. Women are still in charge of housework and unpaid work are still Perceived to be the "weaker" or print charge of "not khó jobs". Discriminatory Attitudes are the perceptions and Unequal gender inequalities underlying Causes of.